The Italian government has asked its citizens to stay at home, in an attempt to flow the spread of Corona virus.

We've got the language you need to talk about the story,

I'm Georgina, I'm Catherine. Let's hear more about this story from this BBC Radio One news bulletin.

The latest government advice is don't travel to Italy, unless you have to or public gatherings and the country has been banned and people that have been told to stay near their home unless it's an emergency. Yes. So, the Italian government has asked everyone to stay near their homes and only travel unless it's an emergency or public gatherings have been banned. That includes any football matches. That includes nightclubs as well I believe these are drastic measures in the UK the British government has suggested that people do not travel to Italy, unless it is an emergency yeah

so good news, fake news it's a pretty serious situation over there if you're watching or listening from Italy we do hope that you're safe. So you've been looking at the news headlines around these stories and you picked out three with interesting language that we're going to talk about today.

I have so we've got lockdown quarantine, and self isolate lockdown

quarantine and self isolate so can we go to your first headline please,

we certainly can. So the first headline is from the BBC news website so that's a UK best based website, and is Italy wakes to first day in lockdown

lockdown emergency situation where movement is restricted So what can you tell us about lockdown. Well,

first of all, I'll tell you the spelling so it's el oc KDOWN. And it's basically made up of two words three

words, two words Yes,

a lot of them don't have a locking down yeah so the first word is a lock. So a lock is something that you put a key into to prevent somebody from entering a room you want it to remain locked or to stop people leaving a room, as well. And the other word is down, and that's the opposite of up. So we've got up, pointing upwards and down pointing down for those that are just listening. So Katherine. Yes. Do you like to lock any rooms in.

Well, I do like to, I like to lock but buffle. Usually when I'm using that I think it's really important to lock the bathroom door when you win that sometimes I like to wait for a bit of privacy I might lock, lock the bedroom door when I want some me time Yeah,

but that's not locked down so it's not choosing to do it yeah so you actually have chosen to turn the key to lock yourself to lock people out or to lock yourself in however you want to look at it, but the term lockdown actually means that somebody else and external body is preventing you from leaving an area. In this case to stop the spread of the corona virus. And so the talents are being prevented from moving freely.

Okay so so again it's quite it's reflecting the seriousness of the situation, yet. So is it always a kind of got a negative idea of restriction

of movement. And no, you might hope people use it in a jokey fashion so yeah

I was doing an essay one time and I decided I wasn't going to talk to anybody I was taking no phone calls nothing I said to everybody. I'm writing my assignment.

I'm on lockdown. Yeah, and that's a very good example of how you can use it. We must stress this is done in a jokey fashion, because obviously you're not seriously, locking yourself down because you can't. And we must also stress that normally it is used in a negative context and about quite serious situations. So it's when a situation, the government or an authority body decide that it is better for people to not move freely because there is a certain an emergency situation now

prepositions Georgina What can you tell us about,

well, it's often used with in. So an example would be the street was in lockdown. After the gas explosion so that's in lockdown. and if

we're to be isn't it to be in lockdown.

Yes, exactly. And but it could also be you can also use a preposition on. So you could say the building was on lockdown following the security breach breach, I should say, and it can also be a phrasal verb to lock down a same meaning. So the building was locked down, following the security breach

super well I think we've done, we've done plenty on that one. So let us go to a slide.

So can we have your next headline

please. We certainly can. So the next headline is from Northern Ireland from Belfast, and it's from Belfast Telegraph digital, and it is coronavirus Italy implements nationwide quarantine measures

quarantine the situation while living things are separated in order to stop the spread of disease, quite a long word about quality. Well yes,

the stress is on the first syllable so quarantine

quarantine. Yeah, quarantine. Yeah,

I often have to use my hand quarantine quarantine so yeah the stresses on the first syllable. And it's spelled QUARANTN e as a Catholic Catherine. Yes. Have you lived in any other countries apart from the UK I've

lived in several other countries apart from the UK

and have you ever had a pet dog or cat whilst you lived in those countries Well,

I've heard loads say I've got it I had an imaginary pet dog is actually in it for the purposes of today I had a dog, yes.

Okay, good. What kind of drug was it a little stray

water, I found it on the street, but it was very very cute and it had one arrow pointing up and one pointing down.

That's a very lovely picture now. Yeah. And when you decided to bring back this imaginary

dog to the real dog. For the purposes of today Yes. What did

you what procedures,

did you have to do. Well it was quite complicated there was a lot of paperwork and I came back to the UK the dog came on a separate flight and when the dog came, I went home but the dog had to stay in a special kind of little Zoo near the airport and it had to stay there for six months. It had lots of medical tests, and after six months I decided that it didn't have any diseases. So then I was allowed to take it home. Yeah, so that's what's really important about this word

quarantine. It doesn't actually mean that you have anything, any diseases. It's just a precautionary measure so in this case Katherine's dog was kept isolated or apart from other animals and humans, just to double check that the dog didn't have any dangerous diseases. So, so that's really important to remember those it can be sorry

quarantine a noun or a verb.

In this context, it's being used as a noun, but it can also be a verb. And if it's being used as a verb it's often used in the passive tense. So that means that somebody else is implements it on to you. So for example, the moment you might say, people are being quarantined because of the corona virus, so I

can say my dog was quarantined yeah your dog was quarantine.

And if I want to say

is a as a noun, how do I say that.

So, it's often used with me in. So, my dog had to go

into quarantine so I should have said into, but it can also be used within so I was in quarantine after I visited an infected area,

and I noticed the verb was to go into quarantine

yeah so you got to go into quarantine and to be in quarantine and put you can put someone into quarantine, you certainly can. So if, for example, if the doctors thought that someone may have been exposed to a disease. They may get put into quarantine another doctor. Yeah.

Thank you very much. Shall we have a look at that on a slide.

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